OMG Network
Layer-2 scaling protocol for Ethereum
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Key Info
Token Type
Token Usage
Consensus Algorithm
On-Chain Governance Type
Delegative on-chain vote

OMG Network (first developed as OmiseGo) is a non-custodial, Layer 2 scaling solution for transferring value on Ethereum. How the protocol processes transactions is centralized, but its Plasma-based design aims to decentralize network security. It also relies on Ethereum at its final arbitration layer. Most blockchain ecosystems are limited by low throughput, high and unpredictable transaction fees, and poor user experience. The project’s team believes these are barriers that need to be overcome before businesses and developers will adopt blockchain for real-world applications, leading them to develop the OMG Network.

The core security proposition of Plasma revolves around honest users being able to exit the child chain (in other words, withdraw funds to the root chain) at any time. To exit the child chain, a user submits an exit transaction – along with an exit bond – to the root chain. The exit is subject to a “challenge period,” during which any user can prove, if applicable, that the exit is invalid. If successfully shown to be invalid, the exit is not processed, and the challenger is awarded the exit bond. This exit game is solely dependent on the root chain.

As the child chain relies on the root chain to be its ultimate arbiter, it must periodically commit a hashed version of its state changes to the root chain by way of a smart contract. As opposed to submitting individual transaction data onto the root chain, the child chain bundles transactions into a Merkle tree and submits the root hash. Beyond these core elements, there is no prescribed configuration for a Plasma chain. They can take on different consensus protocols, block validation mechanisms, or fraud proofs. The design is adaptable to the use case. OMG Network is based on the Plasma MoreVP design, an extension of Minimum Viable Plasma optimized for the settlement of payments and value exchange between users and exchanges.

The original OMG Network team (under the OmiseGo name) co-authored the original Plasma white paper with Joseph Poon and was also the first project to perform an airdrop, a way to more widely share ownership of our token with the existing Ethereum community.


The OMG token is classified as a Utility Token and the primary method by which a holder can interact with the OMG Network.

As the network transitions to Proof-of-Stake (PoS) validation, only holders of OMG token will be able to gain the right to take an active role on the network by running validator nodes using their tokens as a security deposit. Accordingly, token holders participating in PoS validation may receive compensation for their active participation as a validator – which may be paid out in any currency, including but not limited to OMG.

More generally, OMG is intended to be a conduit for bringing value to Ethereum mainnet as the token will be backed by the assets moving across the OMG Network. These assets include both real-world currencies and cryptocurrencies that users push through the network via a variety of means including Defi applications and businesses, as well as all who outsource DEX requirements to OMG Network.

However, this will not remain static. As the OMG Network and its underlying network develop and evolve over time, so might the nature and role of the OMG token.

Learn more:
Token mechanics, use-cases and interactions


The OMG Network runs as a single block producer – a so-called Proof of Authority (PoA) chain. A decentralized set of watchers observe the child chain and the block producer to ensure it appropriately confirms network transactions. Watchers check that the child chain conforms to the protocol and does not withhold blocks, or tamper with transaction ordering.

There are three pieces that form the OMG Network:

The project has deployed a set of smart contracts on Ethereum that manage the plasma protocol, which handles deposits and exits into and out of the OMG Network.
The second entity is the child chain, which handles the transaction processing. The child-chain receives transaction requests from users, validates them, and assembles them into blocks that it publishes back to root chain (i.e., Ethereum).
The third entity is the watcher. A watcher can be run by anyone, including network users, partners, or interested 3rd parties. They validate everything that the child-chain is conforming to the rules of the protocol, encoded into the contracts on the root-chain.


OMG Network is a Layer 2 scaling solution for Ethereum built using the plasma protocol. Plasma is a technology that hopes to allow developers to create a series of smart contracts that run on top of the main Ethereum blockchain.

OMG Network is currently operating as a PoA (Proof of Authority) network. It aims to offer a higher transaction throughput and lower execution fees than its underlying network (i.e., Ethereum). It is backed by a decentralized security model provided by Ethereum and a network of watcher nodes.

OMG Network is made up of three components interacting together to ensure funds in the network are secure:

The OMG Network Smart Contracts, deployed to Ethereum, provide the interface through which users can move funds into and out of the network.
The Child Chain Application, run by the OMG Network team, receives users’ transactions, encapsulates them in blocks, and publishes those blocks to the OMG Network Smart Contracts.
The Watcher application continuously observes the Child Chain application, validates its behavior, and reports any misdoing to the users who are subscribed. Watchers can be run by anyone, and the more are running, the safer the network is.


As an open-source network, proposals for protocol or code changes can be submitted by anyone through the project’s Github repository. OMG Network, the company, employs full-time developers who are responsible for the roadmap and maintenance of the core protocol code-base.


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